The Breton house embodies the spirit of our ancestors
The region of Brittany is a land where traditions are always alive. Although time passes and the wind of progress blows here, wild landscapes do not seem to change. The typical dwellings in carved stone tell stories of a harsh climate, a proud people and their way of life. Today we are zooming in on the Breton house, an honored part of our national heritage.
The Breton houses are authentic and charming
The characteristics of a typical Breton house
Indeed, the Breton house can adopt very original styles and silhouettes according to the peculiarities of the building. On the other hand, there are common characteristics for dwellings in this region. For example granite walls, steep slate roofs, exterior and interior shutters, double windows and south orientation are complemented by decorations varied in the spirit seaside Whatever their vision, traditional or just a little influenced by contemporary trends, Breton homes always leave the impression of being welcoming and warm. Mainly, we can differentiate several types of architecture.
Elegant Breton house
The seaside style
The farmhouse is a type of rural real estate that can be found in all departments of Brittany. Indeed, the name means house in development in length. A farmhouse is traditionally built in a rectangular shape. In addition, it has a roof with two slopes and windows at its limit. The external staircase is obligatory. Regarding the rooms, they are in a row, which is a particularity of these houses. Each farmhouse is oriented with the back of the house facing the direction of the prevailing wind. Built with local materials, it bears a local Breton name.
There are longhouses on the coast; they are rather fishermen's houses
The particularity of longhouses is that all rooms are often arranged in a row
The name of the hovel now comes from its thatched roof, wheat, rye or reeds. This Breton house is typically rural. Built of local materials such as clay, wood and stones, it is made at the lowest price.
A cottage is composed of rooms in a row and each has a window and and a door leading to another room. The typical white color of the walls is due to a mixture of sand, lime and linen.
In fact, the native Breton cottages are rare today because their building materials are gradually replaced by modern.
The cottage is a traditional rural house
Old renovated Breton cottage
The penti (fisherman's house)
Penti is a small house in a fishing village located along the coast of the Brittany peninsula. With a two-storey roof with skylights, it consists of two rooms downstairs and another upstairs just under the roof in the attic. The materials used for the construction of the coastal houses are: stones, slates (thatch), granite. The woodwork of these houses is often painted blue.
The pentis consists of three rooms, including one attic
Clear colors and windows with views of the beach or countryside, this is typical for fisherman's homes
The house to advanced
In Brittany there are so-called "houses to advanced". These houses have a lateral projection on which the roof goes down and seem to grow new parts. But there are also houses with advanced, characterized by their "advanced" pinion that are encountered around Morlaix.
The house to advanced is one of the prototypes of the Breton house
In the region of Saint-Malo, we meet the malouinières, beautiful granite houses used as second homes. Built in the time of privateers in the 17-18th century, these prestigious residences inherit the famous mansions with four-slate roofs and high chimneys. Built in the same spirit but on the other hand a little more modest, one can also admire the houses of captain. They are equipped with cellars where, in the past, the treasures were stored.
More prestigious, the malouinières are rather characteristic of the region of Saint-Malo
The malouinière has a special charm both outside and inside