What is an insect hotel and why it is important to ecology
The destruction of the environment and biodiversity is very dangerous for our planet. This leads to the disappearance of insect habitats that are an essential ring for food chains. Dead woods, trunks, branches are a source of food and a home for insects.
Indeed the insect hotel is a device that facilitates the survival of insects
Insects are important because they pollinate fruit trees and eat other bad insects. Become a responsible gardener and help the survival of auxiliary insects by building shelters with material recovery in your garden.
Development of an insect hotel
In order to attract useful insects to the garden it is enough to create a refusal called 'insect hotel'. It must be placed near flowers, trees and sheaves. The goal is to keep insects in the garden and survive the winter.
The insect hotel includes several spaces built according to the preferences of different types of insects. The installation of gites specific to each auxiliary insect ensures the presence of their eggs, their larvae and after adult insects that will fight against the invasion of the pests and will prevent their proliferation.
Actually insects play an important role in the garden mainly for pollination
Construction of an insect hotel
The construction of the insect hotel is not at all complicated. In short, you have to create a wooden cabin that looks a little like a birdhouse. Then we must separate this little cottage into modules (boxes).
For you to attract insects to the garden and facilitate their reproduction, build them a refuge
It is best if you choose wood that is not chemically treated. The bottom of the hut must be closed; regarding the roof you can leave it naked or cover it.
Moisture absorbing materials such as wood are preferable to waterproof materials
-wood planks (larch, douglas or chestnut)
-1-4 feet (according to your preferences)
-vis, round head bolts, nuts and washers
- tarpaulin if you want to cover the roof
1.First saw the boards to the desired dimensions. Think about preparing boards for:
-the vertical uprights
-the horizontal amounts
2.Then form the frame by screwing together the vertical uprights and the horizontal uprights
3.After screwing the walls to form 'boxes' for the different inhabitants of the hut
4.Then bolt the feet on the bottom
Tip: To prevent rotting of the feet, treat their ends which will be in the ground by burning them until they are very black.
5.Finally screw the roof and staple the tarpaulin (optional)
Where to dispose of the insect hotel
The insect hotel should be oriented to the south or south-east with its open area to protect it from prevailing winds and so that tenants enjoy the warmth of the sun. It is important that it is raised to avoid drowning in the rain or being attacked by animals. It is not advisable to put the insect house in the middle of the garden. It's better to put it against a wall or hedge. Finally, consider installing it near your vegetable garden or orchard to provide food for its inhabitants.
Insects are the great allies of the gardener
How to attract tenants to the 'rooms' of the insect hotel
The inhabitants of the hotel are usually very varied. It is important to prepare "rooms" for different occupants to increase the protection of your garden from pests.
To attract more insects and especially to be of various species, you must create modules composed of different materials.
In order to attract useful insects to the garden, it is sufficient to install shelters designed to house them
You can create modules for example with:
- a bundle of marrow stems (elderberry, buddleia, raspberry, bramble, rosebush etc.)
-fagot of hollow stems (grass, bamboo, reed, old stakes, etc.) whose rear end must be sealed with soil
-a log pierced with holes
-a box pierced and filled with dead leaves or paper
- wooden boards arranged in parallel and spaced 0.5cm apart or a hollow brick filled with straw
Insects, especially pollinators, play an essential role in the garden
Of course you can use other materials in addition to the various 'rooms'. Below are some examples depending on the species you wish to host.
- straw - attracts lacewings
- twigs and branches - attracting beetles
- old stumps and logs - attracting xylophagous insects
- string, raffia, terracotta flower pot, hay, dried herbs - draw earwigs
- alveolate bricks, soil, dry grass - attract solitary bees
- string, raffia, terracotta flower pot, hay, dried herbs, wood fibers - draw earwigs
- marrow stems - attract hoverflies
- hollow stems-attracted bees, wasps, osmies, bumblebees
A house for insects - a gesture to the planet
Pollinating and pest destroying insects help many plants to reproduce. Without them, they could disappear. The insect house, resistant and decorative, allows the survival and proliferation of auxiliary insects. Its role is paramount for the maintenance of biodiversity and the recreation of ecosystems.
To help the biodiversity of your garden, install an insect house
In winter insects seek a roof for their shelter