Succulent plants or succulents
Succulents, also called succulents, have the remarkable ability to store water in the form of sap (sap) in their different organs: leaves, stem, root. This guarantees temporary independence during a period of drought. These fleshy plants have a particular morphology: their leaves are usually small, covered with a thick epidermis, sometimes waxy, or hairy. And again, they do not contain fat.
Native to America, Africa and the Mediterranean, they include hundreds of species. Crassula, echeveria, kalanchoe, sedum, houselee are part of it. Generally adapted to survive in arid environments, in our country they are cultivated as decorative plants. In order to enjoy their charm for a long time and to have the opportunity to admire their flowering, it is important to respect their specific requirements. To help you succeed in your succulent garden, we give you some useful tips for maintenance.
Succulents are characterized by fleshy and water-rich tissues
In addition to their variety and beauty, succulents do not require much care. However, we will zoom in on the main aspects of their maintenance because there are some specificities.
Most succulents are small and can be grown in pots
Succulents tolerate both the heat of summer and the freshness of winter. However, in winter the plants rest: place them in a bright and airy place, at a temperature between 5 ° and 15 ° C. Watering must be more spaced.
The most important condition for the success of a succulent plant is light. It is recommended to place it near a window facing south during cold periods. In addition, the majority of succulents adapt well to medium lighting, as long as they receive a few hours of direct sun each day.
In summer, it is good to take your succulents out to the garden. On the other hand, avoid the strong light and favor the partial shade. It is still necessary to acclimate the succulent in the sun at their exit, placing a few days in the shade and then a few days in the shade.
The shapes of these plants are often weird
Most succulents have seasonal growth: spring and summer. Therefore, it is necessary to water with priority between March and October and less winter (once a month). And if you keep the temperature very cool (5 to 10˚C), maybe even 2 months.
If your succulents grow in a pot with drainage holes, during warm periods, water them like your other plants. On the other hand, make sure the potting soil is dry before watering again.
If the succulent grows in a pot without a drainage hole or in a terrarium, rot may set in. Normally, these plants have the ability to withstand bad conditions. They can live even for years in a state of stress, but be careful about how much water you give them. Water only when the soil is dry.
Indeed, these are plants that like dry soils, so it is absolutely necessary to avoid a moist potting soil permanently.
Succulents can live for years in the same pot. When we repot them, we can use a cactus potting soil for example. The substrate must especially be well draining. The ideal is to mix one third of soil, one third of soil and one third of sand.
Regarding the fertilizer, any will suit. Moreover, if you do not apply it, your plants will still push.
Thanks to their low water requirement, succulents adapt to all containers
Succulents are very simple to cuttings. Just cut a leaf or stem, let it dry for a few days in the sun, then plant in a moist soil. After a few weeks, once the roots have appeared, you can repot.
These fleshy plants with graphic shapes are beautiful and easy to grow